What Is BOOTP?

Are you curious to know what is BOOTP? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about BOOTP in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is BOOTP?

What Is BOOTP?

Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) is a protocol used in computer networking to assign IP addresses to network devices. It was originally designed for booting diskless workstations, but it is now used for a variety of purposes, including the automatic configuration of network devices.

The BOOTP protocol is part of the Internet Protocol Suite, and it works at the network layer of the OSI model. BOOTP operates over User Datagram Protocol (UDP) on port 67/68.

How Does BOOTP Work?

When a device is first connected to a network, it sends out a BOOTP request. This request contains information about the device, such as its hardware address and the type of operating system it is running. A BOOTP server on the network receives the request and assigns an IP address to the device. The server may also provide additional configuration information, such as the address of the default gateway or the name and location of the boot image the device should use.

Once the device has an IP address, it can communicate with other devices on the network. If the device needs to reboot or reconnect to the network, it will send another BOOTP request to renew its IP address lease.


Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a newer protocol that is similar to BOOTP but offers more advanced features. Like BOOTP, DHCP assigns IP addresses to network devices, but it also provides additional configuration information, such as DNS server addresses and domain names.

DHCP is backward compatible with BOOTP, which means that a DHCP server can provide IP addresses and configuration information to both DHCP and BOOTP clients. However, BOOTP servers cannot provide configuration information to DHCP clients.


BOOTP is a protocol used for assigning IP addresses to network devices. It is an older protocol that was originally designed for booting diskless workstations, but it is still used today for a variety of purposes. BOOTP is a simple protocol that assigns IP addresses to devices and provides basic configuration information. While DHCP is a more advanced protocol, BOOTP is still used in some environments where a simpler solution is required.

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What Is BOOTP Used For?

BOOTP is a TCP/IP protocol. It allows a client to find its IP address and the name of a load file from a server on the network. A client uses BOOTP to find this information without intervention from the user of the client.

Which Is Better Dhcp Or BOOTP?

A DHCP server allocates a local IP address to each device on a local network. DHCP is more versatile than BOOTP and it also supports backward compatibility which means DHCP can interoperate with BOOTP clients.

What Is The Difference Between BOOTP And Dhcp Packets?

The major difference between BOOTP and DHCP is that BOOTP support static configuration of the IP addresses while DHCP supports dynamic configuration. It means that DHCP automatically assigns and obtain the IP addresses from the computer connected to the internet and also have some additional features.

What Is The Drawback Of BOOTP?

Disadvantages of BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol)

They do not have the concept of temporary Internet Protocol (IP) Addressing. BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol) can also have irresolvable errors because of its configuration. This is because their configuration is manual.


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