What Are the Different Types of Criminal Offences and Their Consequences?

There are many different types of criminal offences. Understanding what sets them apart can help you better understand the consequences of a conviction.

Three main types of crimes are Misdemeanors, Felonies and Violations (or Infractions). Each one comes with a specific set of punishments.

Crimes Against the Person

Crimes against a person are a type of crime that involves a threat or use of force against another person. They can also include offences that involve taking property from a person. These crimes are considered the most severe and come with high legal consequences if convicted.

Rape is a crime that occurs when a person inflicts emotional, psychological, or sexual harm on another person. It can happen through various methods, including physical violence and sexual harassment. Both men and women can commit it.

Child abuse is the intentional infliction of pain, injury, or harm to a child. It can include physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, humiliation, rejection, coldness, lack of attention, neglect, isolation, and terrorization.

Inchoate crimes are initiated but not completed or act that assist in committing a crime. Depending on the circumstances, these crimes can be punishable at a lower level than the underlying crime.

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Crimes Against Property

Crimes against property involve theft or destruction of someone else’s property. They can range from minor offences like shoplifting and trespassing to serious felony charges like burglary and arson.

These crimes can range from a misdemeanour to severe felonies, depending on the value of the stolen property or money. For example, stealing merchandise worth less than one thousand dollars will typically result in a misdemeanour, while stealing more than one million dollars can lead to a felony charge.

If you are charged with a crime involving the theft or destruction of someone else’s property, getting help from an experienced attorney as soon as possible is essential. The attorneys at criminal lawyers in Sydney have years of experience and can assist you in navigating your case.

Theft, shoplifting and vandalism are among the most common property crimes in the country. These crimes can result in significant financial loss for the victim. 


Infractions, also known as petty misdemeanours and petty offences, are the least serious class of criminal offences. They include traffic stops for minor moving violations and other low-level misconduct. Infractions generally carry a fine but no jail time.

The consequences of a criminal infraction can vary widely depending on the nature of the crime, its severity, and the defendant’s other criminal history. For example, a first-time drug possession conviction can lead to a lengthy prison sentence, while vandalism or public drunkenness may only be a misdemeanour.

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Felonies are the most serious crimes, and they can lead to prison sentences. The penalties for felony offences vary depending on the type of felony and the circumstances of the crime.

Typical penalties for a felony conviction include a loss of liberty and restitution. Restitution is money paid to the victim of a crime or to a state restitution fund. The judge may also impose fines and court fees.

Some felonies have more severe consequences than others, such as first-degree murder. A first-degree felony can result in a lengthy prison sentence and a maximum fine of $25,000, more than twice the penalty for a misdemeanour.


A crime with no more than a year’s maximum incarceration is called a “misdemeanour.” It’s not as serious as a felony, which could result in up to two years in prison.

Misdemeanours can be punished with fines, probation, counselling, community service, and restitution. The severity of a misdemeanour depends on the nature of the offence, the defendant’s previous criminal history, and the circumstances surrounding the arrest or conviction.

While a misdemeanour can have less serious consequences than a felony, it still has significant effects on your life. A misdemeanour conviction can have a negative impact on your employment, career opportunities, and reputation in the community. It can also affect your ability to obtain a driver’s license or apply for certain types of government programs or social services.

If you’ve been charged with a misdemeanour, you should get in touch with a criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible. A good attorney can analyze your case and find any flaws in the evidence that might help you fight the charges against you.

Often, misdemeanours can be resolved through plea bargaining or pretrial diversion. These programs allow the defendant to participate in a program designed to prevent future crimes while helping the individual overcome the negative impact of the past charge.

However, if you have been convicted of a misdemeanour and the conviction is on your permanent record, it will be seen by many people who conduct a background check. It can have a negative impact on your chances of obtaining employment, getting involved in the community and acquiring a new home or vehicle.